Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. Studies indicate that 92 percent of the people suffering from diabetes have type 2 diabetes. It develops in middle-aged and older people. Obese and inactive people are also susceptible to type 2 diabetes. There is high glucose content in the blood. Studies carried out by the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) indicated that weight loss through diet changes and exercises reduces chances or present this type of diabetes.
Who are the people at high risk for type 2 diabetes?
According to the DPP study, overweight people are at high risk for suffering from type 2 diabetes. Obesity and family history of this type of diabetes are highly susceptible to suffer from type 2 diabetes. Studies found out that a 5 to 7 percent weight loss, slowed down the chances of suffering from type 2 diabetes.
Other people who are at a high risk of suffering from type 2 diabetes are women with a history of gestational diabetes and people are past 60 years of age. This type of diabetes starts to develop when there is insulin resistance, a process associated with overweight in which the cells in the body do not utilize insulin properly. Due to this, the need for insulin increases. During the first stages, the pancreas keeps up with rising demand for more of insulin in the body, but as time goes by and this condition persist, the pancreas loses its ability to produce insulin that is enough, and the glucose levels in blood rises.
As the glucose increases in the blood, it destroys the blood vessels result in conditions such as stroke, heart attack, blindness, kidney disease, and dental disease. Other problems include loss of mobility, depression and pregnancy problems.
Approaches to preventing and treat type 2 diabetes
Prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes include:
People with diabetes can take metformin medicine which has been tested and proven to have a positive impact on type 2 diabetes.
Adopt low-sugar whole-grain and low-calorie diet. Having daily exercises also lower the chances of contracting diabetes.
Lifestyle change is the most recommended option. According to the DPP study, people with lifestyle change showed the best outcomes. The results showed that by losing 10-15 pounds, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes decreased by 52 percent. It is a more effect approach for the older people too as it was found that it reduced their chances of developing this type of diabetes by 71 percent.